Thanks for keeping DEV Community safe. Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. I will remove the apache package on server1 apache. In this tutorial, we will be going to explain how to use ansible yum module and yum_repository module in detail with various examples. As mentioned by others, you can use the shell command. module name density matrix. I think the correct command is with a wildcard: It's not obvious, but if installed is listed under the Repo tag, it's installed. Otherwise, ansible_facts.packages is an empty dictionary. Issue Tracker The disabled plugins will not persist beyond the transaction. Was Aristarchus the first to propose heliocentrism? For example, I want to add a repo named rhel-t-stage to the remote hosts and install git from it. I'm trying to obtain a version from an installed rpm/yum package, but ran into a warning message when running the script. How can I get the installed YUM packages with Ansible? Reminder: Ubuntu is Debian-based. When used with a loop: each package will be processed individually, it is much more efficient to pass the list directly to the name option. Your IP: Attached is the output of ansible-playbook. Posted: If you require Python 3 support see the ansible.builtin.dnf module. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Red Hat Ansible is a simple, yet powerful, automation tool that every sysadmin should use. so I created DevopsRoles.com site to share the knowledge that I have learned. As mentioned by others, you can use the shell command. Eg: openjdk-17-jdk-headless is installed, but I just want to check for openjdk, any version. I found this answer useful for using the ansible yum module instead of the shell command as recommended by the ansible warning: The portage and pkg options were added in version 2.8. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. In this section, we will show how to install a new package with the yum module. Comparison operators for package version are valid here >, <, >=, <=. You can then use a JSON Query Filter to get a single package (tar): Since Ansible 2.5, you can also use the package_facts module: it will gather the list of installed packages as Ansible facts. What positional accuracy (ie, arc seconds) is necessary to view Saturn, Uranus, beyond? It's okay to suppress this warning in your case. Use args like: --- Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Using an Ohm Meter to test for bonding of a subpanel. Donate for us to work better! How is white allowed to castle 0-0-0 in this position? Did the Golden Gate Bridge 'flatten' under the weight of 300,000 people in 1987? Variables specified in these files are used during playbook runs for the hosts in the corresponding groups from the inventory file. Running this works fine and does what it's supposed to, but it's returning a warning after it executes: ok: [default] => {"changed": false, "cmd": "yum list installed custom-rpm | grep custom-rpm | awk '{print $2}' | cut -d'-' -f1", "delta": "0:00:00.255406", "end": "2016-05-17 23:11:54.998838", "rc": 0, "start": "2016-05-17 23:11:54.743432", "stderr": "", "stdout": "3.10.2", "stdout_lines": ["3.10.2"], "warnings": ["Consider using yum module rather than running yum"]}, [WARNING]: Consider using yum module rather than running yum. When I started with automation, it was easiest to run commands in parallel on my hosts. by Not the answer you're looking for? By clicking Post Your Answer, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Why don't we use the 7805 for car phone chargers? What about you? For further actions, you may consider blocking this person and/or reporting abuse. In that case, you can use item and combine all packages in a single task. code of conduct because it is harassing, offensive or spammy. installations. This caused problems when packages specified by filename or url had to be installed or removed together. And what if I have to enable different repos depending on whether a host belongs to production or testing? Your email address will not be published. Of course, I could create a shell script solution for that problem, too. The task could end up with a set of packages that does not match the complete list of specified packages to install (because dependencies between the downgraded package and others can cause changes to the packages which were in the earlier transaction). Click to reveal But he's NOT installing/upgrading/removing. The following example will update the package cache, check whether the unzip package is installed or not on the Target server. If you want to remove any package from your system. r How to check for #1 being either `d` or `h` with latex3? - name: Get version of RPM Installs, upgrade, downgrades, removes, and lists packages and groups with the yum package manager. Whether to install (present or installed, latest), or remove (absent or removed) a package. How do I stop the Flickering on Mode 13h? On whose turn does the fright from a terror dive end? Otherwise it would list the repo that it is available from. DEV Community A constructive and inclusive social network for software developers. In most cases, you can use the short This should be set to false if one of the configured repositories is using an untrusted or self-signed certificate. Last updated on Mar 30, 2023. When specifying multiple repos, separate them with a ",". Lets create a playbook to install the latest version of Nginx on the Target system. For installing a new package, you will need to specify a package name and the state of the package. How a top-ranked engineering school reimagined CS curriculum (Ep. NOTE: This feature requires yum >= 4 (RHEL/CentOS 8+). Pattern match needed. Not the answer you're looking for? Plugin name to enable for the install/update operation. How a top-ranked engineering school reimagined CS curriculum (Ep. Content Discovery initiative April 13 update: Related questions using a Review our technical responses for the 2023 Developer Survey, Best way to check for installed yum package/rpm version in Ansible and use it. I searched all day for different options without luck. It only takes a minute to sign up. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! apply good practice to the yum module usage by dropping the loop and installing all packages at once For the first point, the inventory and its vars would look like the following: Note: d ( []) which is an alias for default ( []) is there to make sure nothing breaks if a specific group does not have any custom modules defined. It's not them. This module is part of ansible-core and included in all Ansible To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Has an effect only if state is present or latest. That would be a long-running loop! He's using Tim to determine the version of "custom-rpn". Performance & security by Cloudflare. Get past the illusion of hostvars being difficult and begin using them in your playbooks, tasks, and roles. Posted on Mar 10, 2019 To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. This way, the correct repos are added to the testing and production systems. Adding EV Charger (100A) in secondary panel (100A) fed off main (200A). What does "Smote their breasts" signify in Luke 23:48? According to the docs you can also add warn=no at the end of your command but this really looks strange to me as it appears to be part of the command. Do you hate YAML? ), Ansible, Linux. Using Ansible helped me to reduce the lines of code and, therefore, the risk of failures. They do not need to be registered in order to use them. DevOps, cloud and infrastructure engineer. See the allow_downgrade documentation for caveats with downgrading packages. Content Discovery initiative April 13 update: Related questions using a Review our technical responses for the 2023 Developer Survey, ansible in masterless mode git task fails while git clone works on remote server, Ansible module lineinfile with variable path, Yum installation failes in RHEL 8 EC2 instance, Ansible, set fact when yum package is installed. | Ansible makes life easier for sysadmins. Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, and our products. Instead of going down that rabbit hole, I will show you how to accelerate your work by using Ansible. Lets create a playbook to remove the Elasticsearch repository and clean up the metadata cache on the Target server. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Does the 500-table limit still apply to the latest version of Cassandra? More over this gives you more options like if the package is already installed it would just ignore it. If true, removes all leaf packages from the system that were originally installed as dependencies of user-installed packages but which are no longer required by any such package. I likes open-sources. The first step is to install the packages to perform server, client, and utils. What "benchmarks" means in "what are benchmarks for?". First, enable a repo with the subscription-manager and then install a package via yum with the following command: That's it. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Not the answer you're looking for? Which was the first Sci-Fi story to predict obnoxious "robo calls"? It is also required to use the list parameter. How I can use multiple hosts in AWX playbook? Checks and balances in a 3 branch market economy. Configuration files and playbooks based on YAML are easy to read. Maps the package name to a non-empty list of dicts with package information. The check which is causing the warning is very simply and just checks the first word against a pre-defined list. His fields of operation include Virtualization (VMware), Linux System Administration and Automation (RHEL), Firewalling (Forcepoint), and Loadbalancing (F5). English version of Russian proverb "The hedgehogs got pricked, cried, but continued to eat the cactus". option to handle this. Unfortunately, this division becomes apparent to ansible users because ansible needs to operate on the group of packages in a single transaction and yum requires groups to be specified in different ways when used in that way. Where information on the package came from. pip install --user ansible Run the following Ansible command to verify the installation: ansible --version Ansible Setup, Configuration, and Automation Tutorial For the purposes of this tutorial, well set up a Raspberry Pi with Ansible, so even if the SD card gets corrupted, we can quickly set it up again and continue working with it. If it is not installed the unzip package will be installed. Checks and balances in a 3 branch market economy, "Signpost" puzzle from Tatham's collection. In some cases, you will need to download the .rpm package and install it to the server. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most. Package name to run the equivalent of yum list --show-duplicates against. WebYou can use ansible.windows.win_package and make sure to supply a value for the product_id argument so that it can detect when the programs are already installed This works very well 3 West-Salad-2546 3 mo. This module supports yum (as it always has), this is known as yum3/YUM3/yum-deprecated by upstream yum developers. Package groups are specified as @development-tools and environment groups are @^gnome-desktop-environment. Prometheus: RTFM blog monitoring set up with Ansible Grafana, Loki, and promtail, Ansible: , include_vars , Ansible: NGINX , Prometheus: running Pushgateway on Kubernetes with Helm and Terraform, Knative: Serverless for Kubernetesan overview and launch in Minikube, GitLab: Components, Architecture, Infrastructure, and Launching from the Helm Chart in Minikube. Copy the repository specification below and paste it into the file. Once unsuspended, setevoy will be able to comment and publish posts again. I could simply ignore it or suppress it, but I was curious if there was a better way? Lets create a playbook to uninstall Nginx package on the Target server. We will be checking if vim package is If I would like to add a different repo to all hosts in the production group, I copy the above playbook and modify it to fit the desired configuration for production. so you're going to be out of luck with finding an idempotent list invocation. Understanding the probability of measurement w.r.t. WebTo get a list of installed packages, you should use: - name: yum_command yum: list=installed register: yum_packages - debug: var: yum_packages It saves a list of - name: Find if custom_rpm is installed Install a New Package Using the yum Module, Install the Latest Version of Package Using the yum Module, Install Multiple Packages Using the yum Module, Install a .rpm Package Using the yum Module, Add Repository and GPG key with yum Module. Plugin name to disable for the install/update operation. But how to check if a package pattern exists? Lets create a playbook to update all packages on the Target server. What should I follow, if two altimeters show different altitudes? The yum module does not support clearing yum cache in an idempotent way, so it was decided not to implement it, the only method is to use command and call the yum command directly, namely command: yum clean all https://github.com/ansible/ansible/pull/31450#issuecomment-352889579, Issue Tracker This mimics yums command line behaviour. Will also install all packages linked by a weak dependency relation. WebUse Python code to check if a package is installed in python using yum: def is_installed (package_name): return "not installed" in commands.getstatusoutput ("rpm -q " + Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Not the answer you're looking for? In the case of yum, it has 2 action plugins that use it under the hood, ansible.builtin.yum and ansible.builtin.package. Well, I guess most of you already know how this works. You should also read the following chapters: Ansible apt Module Tutorial and Examples, Ansible Tutorial A Complete Guide for Beginner, https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/7.x/yum, https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch, How to Get Free Cloud VPS Server Step by Step Guide, How to Set and Change Hostname on Rocky Linux 8, How to Install PostgreSQL 14 on Rocky Linux 8, How to Use Docker Exec Command to SSH into Docker Container, How to Upload and Download Images To Docker Hub (Push and Pull Command in Docker), How To List / Start / Stop Docker Containers, How to Install and Use Docker on Ubuntu 20.04 | 22.04 (Step by Step Guide), How to Use Docker Run Command with Examples. Can I use my Coinbase address to receive bitcoin? Discovering extra args needed for running ansible playbooks. present and installed will simply ensure that a desired package is installed. Please include what you were doing when this page came up and the Cloudflare Ray ID found at the bottom of this page. [ Looking for more on system automation? i need to check more than 100 servers for the snapd package, but I don't like the output at all. Tells yum to run entirely from system cache; does not download or update metadata. By default, this module will select the backend based on the ansible_pkg_mgr fact. What does "up to" mean in "is first up to launch"? Specifies an alternate directory to store packages. For checking the package version I tried with the following playbook but Ansible doesn't like the syntax: That would display a list consisting of server name and package version. Can run in check_mode and return changed status prediction without modifying target, Will return details on what has changed (or possibly needs changing in check_mode), when in diff mode, Action returns an ansible_facts dictionary that will update existing host facts, Target OS/families that can be operated against. Install the packages by following the procedure explained below: 1. ), If your requirement is to check for only one package, and based on that you want to execute another task, you can use package_facts module as. If the system is registered to RHN or an RHN Satellite, repoquery allows for querying all channels assigned to the system. If the unzip package is already installed, Ansible will do nothing. How can I eliminate the need for an Ansible control machine? Lets create a playbook to install tree package and capture the output: In some cases, you may need to check whether your required package is installed or not without making any modification to the system. If set to repoid, disable excludes defined for given repo id. module name Nice! 565), Improving the copy in the close modal and post notices - 2023 edition, New blog post from our CEO Prashanth: Community is the future of AI. NOTE: This will run and be logged as a separate yum transation which takes place before any other installation or removal. Varaint of peaxol answer setting a fact with the installed package version number for futher tests. Well, the official Ansible documentation for the yum module describes list as: "Various (non-idempotent) commands for usage with /usr/bin/ansibl If a previous version is specified, the task also needs to turn allow_downgrade on. Yum itself has two types of groups. I've been getting my feet wet with Ansible (2.0.0.2) on CentOS 7. NOTE: This will use the systems default enabled repositories without regard for disablerepo/enablerepo given to the module. command: '/usr/bin/rpm -qa custom-rpm --queryformat %{VERSION}' I hope will this your helpful. Let's say I have the following static inventory file with two groups and four hosts in it that looks like this: I could run the job from Example 3 above in parallel using the Ansible ad-hoc mode: The command module runs a given command in parallel on the hosts specified by a host pattern (all in this case). Skip all unavailable packages or packages with broken dependencies without raising an error. Equivalent to passing the skip-broken option. See the Error Handing page for details and examples. If you want to remove the repository from the yum you can use state=absent parameter with yum_repository module. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! You can perform all the basic package management operations including install, remove and update the packages using the yum module. This should only set to false used on personally controlled sites using self-signed certificates as it avoids verifying the source site. You can update all packages installed on the Target server using the state=latest parameter. Effect of a "bad grade" in grad school applications. You can add a third-party repository using this module. It will become hidden in your post, but will still be visible via the comment's permalink. You may have noticed that I used the rhel-7-server-rpms repo in the examples above. Uninstall by using the rpmcommand on RHEL and SLES nodes. When a gnoll vampire assumes its hyena form, do its HP change? Ansible yum_repository module is used to manage the repository in RHEL based Linux distributions. In this article, I show you how Ansible makes managing hosts easier by adding a package repository (repo) and installing a package from it. With you every step of your journey. Check whether a package called foobar is installed, Protecting sensitive data with Ansible vault, Virtualization and Containerization Guides, Collections in the Cloudscale_ch Namespace, Collections in the Junipernetworks Namespace, Collections in the Netapp_eseries Namespace, Collections in the T_systems_mms Namespace, Controlling how Ansible behaves: precedence rules, ansible.builtin.package_facts module Package information as facts. list: package_name Well, I could use a loop like: With this loop, git is installed as a serial job on host1, host2, and host3. What risks are you taking when "signing in with Google"? rev2023.4.21.43403. So I could go with the following playbook: In the above playbook, I add the new repo to all hosts in the testing group from the inventory file. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. This results in connecting to remote yum repos when all I want is to see what's happening on my, @NoahSussman to list all packages installed currently on your local machine you can use. For me, I like the Ansible way of doing things. I am a fan of open source technology and have more than 15+ years of experience in Linux and Open Source technologies. Since 2.8 this is a list and can support multiple package managers per system. yum even without specifying the collections: keyword. Install a list of packages (suitable replacement for 2.11 loop deprecation warning), Install a list of packages with a list variable, Install the latest version of Apache from the testing repo, Upgrade all packages, excluding kernel & foo related packages, http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-6-0.el6.ngx.noarch.rpm, /usr/local/src/nginx-release-centos-6-0.el6.ngx.noarch.rpm, Install the 'Development tools' package group, Install the 'Gnome desktop' environment group, List ansible packages and register result to print with debug later, Install package with multiple repos enabled, Install package with multiple repos disabled, Download the nginx package but do not install it, Protecting sensitive data with Ansible vault, Virtualization and Containerization Guides, Collections in the Cloudscale_ch Namespace, Collections in the Junipernetworks Namespace, Collections in the Netapp_eseries Namespace, Collections in the T_systems_mms Namespace, Controlling how Ansible behaves: precedence rules, https://github.com/ansible/ansible/pull/31450#issuecomment-352889579, ansible.builtin.yum module Manages packages with the. You can use yum list from the native yum module in ansible. Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. Every dict in the list corresponds to one installed version of the package. For SUSE-based systems python3-rpm package must be installed on targeted Before running the Lets Encrypt client to obtain a new certificate need to check if NGINX is installed on a remote host. Is there a particular reason why you're trying to force it? Could a subterranean river or aquifer generate enough continuous momentum to power a waterwheel for the purpose of producing electricity? You can store the output of the task as a var or use local facts by adding a tiny script on the remote host(s) -, Redundant grep + awk pair can be reduced to just. is there such a thing as "right to be heard"?
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